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The brains of marijuana users are different

Category: Culture | Posted on Tue, November, 11th 2014 by THCFinder
brain-and-marijuana-usage
Earlier this year, one study suggested that even casual marijuana use could cause changes to the brain. Another found that marijuana use was also associated with poor sperm quality, which could lead to infertility in men.
 
But marijuana advocates point to other research indicating that the drug is far less addictive than other drugs, and some studies have found no relationship between IQ and marijuana use in teens.
 
Researchers at the Center for Brain Health at the University of Texas in Dallas sought to clear up some of the confusion with a study that looked at a relatively large group of marijuana users and evaluated their brains for a slew of different indicators.
 
What they found was complex, but the pattern was clear: The brains of marijuana users were different than those of non-marijuana users. The area of the brain responsible for establishing the reward system that helps us survive and also keeps us motivated was smaller in users than in non-marijuana users. But there was also evidence that the brain compensated for this loss of volume by increasing connectivity and the structural integrity of the brain tissue.
 
Those effects were more pronounced for marijuana users who started young.
 
"The orbitofrontal cortex is one of the primary regions in a network of brain areas called the reward system," explained Francesca Filbey, lead author of the study and an associate professor of the neurogenetics of addictive behavior at the University of Texas in Dallas. "It helps us determine what is good for us and what keeps us sustained. "In this case, the orbitofrontal cortex plays a role in drug use because drug use and things associated with it --paraphernalia for example -- are associated with the rewarding effects of drugs."
 
The study, published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, used MRI scans to look at the brains of 62 non-marijuana users and 48 regular marijuana users, 27 of whom used marijuana but not other drugs. The marijuana users reported ingesting the drug about three times a day --  very heavy use -- and had used it for an average of about 10 years.
 
Looking first at atypically heavy marijuana use is necessary to identify structural effects, if there are any, Filbey said. Subsequent research would look at varying levels of use to find out if differences compared to non-users are still observed. For example, in Colorado, only about 22 percent of marijuana users reported using the drug about once a day at most.
 
Relative to other studies, this one had a fairly large sample size; it also excluded participants who had symptoms of psychosis, brain injury or neurological disorders in order to reduce the likelihood that the tests would pick up on other confounding factors. And it looked at three brain characteristics: the volume of the orbitofrontal cortex, how connected that part of the brain was to other areas, and the structural integrity of the white matter.
 
"We found that while the orbitofrontal cortex was smaller, there was greater functional and structural connectivity," said Filbey. "The white matter seemed to have greater integrity than the [non-marijuana using group]. And the connection between the orbitofrontal cortex and other areas were stronger."
 
That's potentially positive news suggesting that whatever impact marijuana use might have on the size or volume of that part of the brain, it may be offset by better connectivity and structural soundness. "It suggests that there is definitely a more complicated pattern that the brain seems to be able to compensate for any kind of loss in order to keep that network maintained," Filbey said.
 

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Green Crack Sativa Weed

Category: Nugs | Posted on Mon, November, 10th 2014 by THCFinder

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Green Crack - Sativa

Green Crack was originally bred in Athens, GA in the 1970s with the birth name of Cush. It was later renamed "Green Crack" by none other than Snoop Dogg because of its extreme potency and the crave to keep smoking it. Green Crack is extremely popular in Southern California with both medical marijuana patients for its strong sativa effects, and recreational users who love its sweet taste and happy high. Green Crack has a medium-green color punctuated with orange and bluish hairs. It has a tangy, fruity smell (thus the nickname "Mango") and the taste is sweet as well. There are two strains of Green Crack: one that is almost pure Sativa and one that is 75% Indica. The better known phenom is the sativa dominant strain, and the only sign of indica genetics being present are the tight nugs.


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NYPD to stop arresting for low-level marijuana charges, will issue tickets instead

Category: News | Posted on Mon, November, 10th 2014 by THCFinder
nypd-stop-low-level-weed-posessionIt’s high time for a change in how the NYPD deals with pot possession.
 
City cops will stop arresting people on low-level marijuana charges and issue tickets instead, a police source said Monday.
 
The change in policy is expected to be announced by Mayor de Blasio and NYPD Commissioner Bill Bratton at an afternoon press conference, the source said.
 
There has been a growing pressure on law enforcement to curb arrests for small amounts of marijuana because they are disproportionately made in black and Hispanic communities.
 
According to the Marijuana Arrest Research Project, blacks and Hispanics represented 86% of those arrested for marijuana possession in the city in the first eight months of the year. Studies have shown that whites are equally as likely to use the drug.
 
The reform policy was embraced by Brooklyn District Attorney Kenneth Thompson during his 2013 campaign for office. He promised to fine those arrested with small amounts of marijuana rather than put them in cuffs and charge them.
 
"Too many young people are being arrested for low-level drug charges that leave a permanent stain on their records for what should be a violation," Thompson had said.
 
The de Blasio administration has been slow to warm up to the policy, but Bratton has spoken recently about handling some minor criminal offenses without making arrests.
 
Bratton has come under criticism in the wake of a Staten Island suspect’s death as cops arrested him for selling untaxed cigarettes. Critics said it showed the flaws in the Broken Windows policy of aggressively targeting low-level crime. Eric Garner died in a police chokehold on July 17 and the city medical examiner ruled the death a homicide.
 
It wasn’t immediately clear exactly how much pot would be considered criminal.
 

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Performance enhancing Drugs

Category: Fun | Posted on Mon, November, 10th 2014 by THCFinder

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Massachusetts Approves Four More Medical Marijuana Dispensaries

Category: Dispensaries | Posted on Mon, November, 10th 2014 by THCFinder
mass-approves-four-more-medical-marijuana-dispensariesPrior to last week, there were eleven medical marijuana dispensaries working their way through the licensing process in Massachusetts. Currently, there are not dispensaries operating at all in the state. You can now add four more dispensaries to the list of hoop jumping applicants. Per WBUR.org:
 
The Massachusetts Department of Public Health has given three companies provisional approval to open four medical marijuana dispensaries in the state.
Patriot Care Corp., which already has a Lowell dispensary in the works, was approved for dispensaries at 21 Milk Street in Boston and 7 Legion Avenue in Greenfield. Coastal Compassion, Inc.’s proposed facility at 2 Pequod Road in Fairhaven and Mass Medicum Corp.’s on Revolutionary Drive in Taunton were also approved to enter the inspection and permitting phase.
 
The four dispensaries are proposed in counties that did not previously have any provisionally approved medical marijuana dispensaries.
 
It’s great that there are now fifteen medical marijuana dispensaries in Massachusetts at one stage of the process or another. However, the fact that there are still zero open is unacceptable. Patients need safe access to affordable, quality medical marijuana. Hopefully these establishments open sooner rather than later.
 

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Super Lemon Haze (Hybrid)

Category: Nugs | Posted on Mon, November, 10th 2014 by THCFinder

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Super Lemon Haze - Hybrid

The Super Lemon Haze is a superstar. This strain swept first prize in Amsterdams Cannabis Cup for two consecutive years (2008 and 2009), also taking second in the Sativa Cup in 2009. The popularity of this strain stands on the shoulders of its predecessors. The father, Super Silver Haze, was already famous, taking high accolades and multiple prizes throughout the late 1990s. However, not all children of the famous go on to earn fame in their own right. It takes the right combination, and in this case, that combination involves a Lemon Skunk mother, a selection from a Citral x Skunk cross.


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