Marijuana Use Not Associated With Deficits In Intelligence Quotient
Category: Culture | Posted on Mon, October, 27th 2014 by THCFinder
Moderate cannabis consumption by young people is not positively associated with changes in intelligence quotient (IQ), according to data presented this week at the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology annual congress in Berlin, Germany.
Investigators at the University College of London analyzed data from 2,612 subjects who had their IQ tested at the age of eight and again at age 15. They reported no relationship between cannabis use and lower IQ at age 15 when confounding factors such as subjects’ history of alcohol use and cigarette use were taken into account.
“In particular alcohol use was found to be strongly associated with IQ decline,” the authors wrote in a press release cited by The Washington Post. “No other factors were found to be predictive of IQ change.”
Quoted in the Independent Business Times, the study’s lead author said: “Our findings suggest cannabis may not have a detrimental effect on cognition, once we account for other related factors particularly cigarette and alcohol use. This may suggest that previous research findings showing poorer cognitive performance in cannabis users may have resulted from the lifestyle, behavior and personal history typically associated with cannabis use, rather than cannabis use itself.”
The investigators acknowledged that more chronic marijuana use, defined in the study as a subject’s admission of having consumed cannabis 50 times or more by age 15, was correlated with slightly poorer exam results at the age of 16 — even after controlling for other variables. However, investigators admitted: “It’s hard to know what causes what. Do kids do badly at school because they are smoking weed, or do they smoke weed because they’re doing badly?”
Commenting on the newly presented data, the meeting’s Chair, Guy Goodwin, from the University of Oxford, told BBC News: “This is a potentially important study because it suggests that the current focus on the alleged harms of cannabis may be obscuring the fact that its use is often correlated with that of other even more freely available drugs and possibly lifestyle factors.”
In a recent review published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the NIDA Director Nora Volkow alleged that cannabis use, particularly by adolescents, is associated with brain alterations and lower IQ. However, the IQ study cited by Ms. Volkow as the basis of her claim was later questioned in a separate analysis published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. That paper suggested that socioeconomics, not subjects’ cannabis use, was responsible for differences in IQ and that the plant’s “true effect [on intelligence quotient] could be zero.”
A previous assessment of cannabis use and its potential impact on intelligence quotient in a cohort of young people tracked since birth reported, “[M]arijuana does not have a long-term negative impact on global intelligence.”
Cannabis Vs The Ebola Virus
Category: Culture | Posted on Fri, October, 24th 2014 by THCFinder
An outbreak of Ebola has begun across the ocean in West Africa but the threat of the virus is very close to everyone. With a high mortality rate and a devastating effect on the human body, the virus has claimed more than 4,500 people in this latest outbreak and officials fear it will effect far more in the near future if a vaccine isn’t produced that will control or kill the virus. With no cure as of yet, people are worried that the virus will become a global pandemic and people are beginning to look to cannabis as a potential assist to stopping Ebola in it’s tracks.
Cannabis boosts the immune system and also contains anti-inflammatory properties. According to Brad Morehouse, founder of NewCure.org, cannabis may be used to control the virus and decrease the number of deaths, as well as improve clinical use. Morehouse went on to state the fact that research regarding cannabis’ ability to fight Lyme rises is “overwhelming”. There is also information about cannabis fighting HIV, as the boost of the cannabinoids in the system greatly improves the human body’s ability to ward of disease. But since the plant remains illegal in many parts of the world, research is halted simply because of negative stigma.
Around the planet, researchers have indicated that cannabis has significant medical potential. The Ebola virus kills by cytokine storm, meaning that the virus attacks the human body’s immune system, proving to be extremely deadly. Those that study cannabis believe that the anti-inflammatory properties combined with the fact that cannabis also contains antiretrovirals means that the plant may be able to reduce the severity of cytokine storm that Ebola causes.
With such a high fatality rate, a virus like Ebola could have a severe impact on the planet as a whole. The virus isn’t limited to West Africa. Even politicians are backing the study of cannabis as a cure, such as former New Mexico governor Gary Johnson, who is now the CEO and president of Cannabis Sativa, one of the world’s largest cannabis companies. Dr. David Allen also agreed with Johnson, in the cannabis may be the one thing that is able to put a stop to Ebola once and for all, as well as a multitude of other diseases that plague the human race. With proper research, the cure for Ebola could be found in a matter of weeks.
How To Roll A Tulip Joint
Category: Culture | Posted on Fri, October, 24th 2014 by THCFinder
There are many forms of smoking cannabis. Lately, it seems as if most people are interested in the complicated side of joint rolling. There have been some crazy rolls produced and it’s believed that the craze was really set in to motion by the movie Pineapple Express. Seth Rogan and James Franco made the cross joint extremely popular and people definitely started to get creative. One of the prettiest joints out there is the tulip. True to it’s name, it looks like the cheerful little flower that grows on sunny hillsides. And now, to learn how to roll one of these face melting beauties.
First step, simply roll a joint. Your joint should be about the diameter of a pencil and about the length of a single rolling paper. Be sure that the joint is rolled tightly and if needed, roll it twice in a second paper, just to make sure it won’t be falling apart any time soon. Set this beauty to the side and now, to begin to more difficult part.
Take two more rolling papers and stick the together to make a large square piece of paper. Be sure to leave one of the gummed strips exposed, as you’ll need to seal it. But glue them together with the second strip. Make sure the seal is tight, with no crimps or bends in the paper. Take the top right corner of the paper and fold it down to the bottom left corner, making a diagonal fold. This should form a triangle but be sure to leave the gum strip exposed. Then, lick the gum strip and fold it over on to the edge of your triangle. It should form a perfect triangle of rolling paper.
Open the cone of paper and tightly pack it with your ground up cannabis. Be sure that you’ve picked out all seeds and stems, as well as larger chunks of bud that may tear a hole in the side of the cone. Leave about a finger’s width of space at the top of the cone because once you’ve packed in the bud, you must crimp the excess paper together at the end of the cone. Leave enough space for the previously rolled joint to fit inside as well. Gently push your roach inside the center of the cone while simultaneously squeezing the paper together to hold the joint in place.
The final step is to use a rubber band, a small piece of string, or a small strand of hemp wick to tie the joint to the cone, keeping it in place. Keep everything as tightly rolled as possible, as loose papers and joints won’t smoke correctly. Now it’s time to light up your beautiful tulip and get stoned!
No, marijuana use doesn't lower your IQ
Category: Culture | Posted on Wed, October, 22nd 2014 by THCFinder
A 2012 Duke University study made international headlines when it purported to find a link between heavy marijuana use and IQ decline among teenagers. Other researchers questioned the findings almost immediately: Columbia University's Carl Hart noted the very small sample of heavy users (38) in the study, leading him to question how generalizable the results were.
Then, a follow-up study published 6 months later in the same journal found that the Duke paper failed to account for a number of confounding factors: "Although it would be too strong to say that the results have been discredited, the methodology is flawed and the causal inference drawn from the results premature," it concluded.
Now, a new study out from the University College of London provides even stronger evidence that the Duke findings were flawed. The study draws on a considerably larger sample of adolescents than the Duke research - 2,612 children born in the Bristol area of the U.K. in 1991 and 1992. Researchers examined children's IQ scores at age 8 and again at age 15, and found "no relationship between cannabis use and lower IQ at age 15," when confounding factors - alcohol use, cigarette use, maternal education, and others - were taken into account. Even heavy marijuana use wasn't associated with IQ.
"In particular alcohol use was found to be strongly associated with IQ decline," the authors write. "No other factors were found to be predictive of IQ change."
The UK study does find evidence, however, of slightly impaired educational abilities among the very heaviest marijuana users. This group of students scored roughly 3% lower on school exams taken at age 16, even after adjusting for confounding factors.
Could Second-Hand Pot Smoke Make You Fail a Marijuana Test?
Category: Culture | Posted on Wed, October, 22nd 2014 by THCFinder
Many people assume that simply being around pot-smokers and marijuana smoke isn’t likely to result in trouble during a drug test, and that has been the general scientific consensus.
But as weed has gotten more potent, scientists decided to investigate if secondhand smoke from strong strains of cannabis could lead to positive drug test results.
Urine tests look for a metabolite, or bodily by-product of THC, the chemical that accounts for many of marijuana’s psychoactive properties. In recent years, many strains of marijuana have been bred to contain more THC.
So researchers paired several regular pot smokers and nonsmokers and put them in a sealed compartment together for an hour, while one smoked a joint containing a relatively strong strain of marijuana.
The 12 nonsmoking participants were then tasked with peeing into a cup 13 times over the next 34 hours. Their urine was tested for 9-carboxy-THC, the marijuana metabolite commonly measured in standard drug tests.
The results, published this month in the Journal of Analytical Toxicology, gives nonsmokers with weed-using friends reason to breathe easy. The scientists found urine levels of this metabolite surpassed typically detectable levels (50 nanogram per milliliter) in only one experiment participant, and this happened during a brief window four to six hours after exposure.
Using a more sensitive test, however, which is not usually employed in the workplace, scientists could detect blood THC levels above the 20 nanogram per milliliter in several participants in the hours after exposure. But these concentrations dipped below this threshold for all participants within 24 hours, according to the study, conducted by researchers at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and elsewhere.
Positive tests are “likely to be rare” from secondhand smoke, the authors concluded, “limited to the hours immediately post-exposure, and occurring only under environmental circumstances where exposure is obvious.” Like, for example, sealing yourself in a car with several smokers for several hours and then peeing in a cup shortly thereafter.
When researchers ventilated the smoking chamber, thus making the smoke fumes less concentrated, the urine levels of THC’s metabolite did not come close to reaching the 50 nanogram per milliliter threshold for any participant.
Hemp Building Material Absorbs Pollutants And Improves Insulation
Category: Culture | Posted on Mon, October, 20th 2014 by THCFinder
Hemp never ceases to amaze me. Hemp is great for making clothes. Hemp seed is a great food source. Hemp is better to make paper out of than wood, although as we continue to transition to digital formats, that need is becoming less prevalent, but still prevalent enough to be relevant nonetheless. I read an article not too far back that showed hemp is likely to be used to make more efficient batteries in the future. It appears that hemp is a stellar building material too, creating a material that absorbs pollutants while also improving insulation compared to petroleum products. Per Green Optimistic:
Just because a building has to be solid and tough, it does not mean that the materials used to construct it have to be hard-core polluting steel and concrete. Not long ago we drew your attention to eco-friendly cement, which can be used in the making of concrete, now it is time to move on to other eco-friendly materials. A team of scientists from University of Bath, UK, working under the HIVE project, has set their eyes on using hemp as a replacement to oil-based products in insulating materials.
To be more precise, the guys decided to focus on hemp-lime and hemp fiber. Building materials made of these were found to have perfect insulating properties, they absorb moisture from the air, and can control the internal temperature of the building. To make the material suitable for construction, all that is needed is to mix the hemp with lime-based binder and turn it into highly resistant to fire and decay building panels.
Building with hemp materials is a win-win every way you look at it. It helps the environment, it’s cost effective, and it’s efficient. Petroleum based building materials are harmful to the environment, get more expensive all the time, and don’t work nearly as well as hemp based products. I can’t wait until someday when I can afford to build a house made out of hemp!
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