Is Eating Marijuana Really Riskier Than Smoking It?
Category: Culture | Posted on Thu, June, 5th 2014 by THCFinder
As more states are on the road to legalizing medical marijuana, a different pot conversation has heated up: The potential health risks of consuming marijuana-infused edibles. The New York Times’ Maureen Dowd even documented her own experience with edible pot in the form of a candy bar, which left her “curled up in a hallucinatory state for the next eight hours.” There have certainly been reports of ER doctors in Colorado seeing more patients with intoxication from pot-infused edibles, as well as some startling incidents of psychotic behavior and deaths from the products. But is edible pot really any worse than the inhaled version? Or have people just discovered a new plaything that they just don’t know how to work?
The answer is a little bit of both.
One of the issues lies in how the two forms of the drug are absorbed and metabolized, and how quickly the high comes on. “The major difference is in the absorption of the [edible] product into the blood stream,” says Kari Franson, PharmD, PhD, Clinical Pharmacologist and Associate Dean for Professional Education, Department of Clinical Pharmacy, at University of Colorado Skaggs School of Pharmacy. “Once it is in the blood, it quickly goes to and has an effect on the brain. With smoking, the peak blood levels happen within 3-10 minutes, and with eating, it’s 1-3 hours. Note that both are about a three-fold difference, but most users are willing to wait 10 minutes, not 3 hours before re-using.
In other words, it’s easier to self-monitor when smoking a joint, since one feels the effects so quickly. But with edible pot, because there can be an hours-long lag before experiencing the high, you might inadvertently consume an overdose amount while waiting.
And what you already have in your system matters more with edible marijuana – whether you’ve eaten recently or not, or have other meds in your body can also affect how the active ingredient, THC, is metabolized. These variables can change “the amount in the blood five-fold,” says Franson. “The THC will compete for metabolism in the liver with other drugs. Things that are inhaled can go directly to the brain and not have these interactions. So even confident users can get surprised with an edible.”
Another, trickier issue is that it’s very difficult to know what you’re getting when you eat a pot-infused candy bar or other edible. Though there have been recent attempts to regulate it, Franson says she’s still skeptical about the standardization of the product. Laboratory tests have shown that the actual amount of THC can vary widely in either direction, with some products containing more and some less than the amount indicated on the packaging’s “nutritional information.” A new law requires more rigorous testing of edible products in an effort to standardize the amount of THC, and remove from the shelves that ones that exceed the maximum 100 mg of the active ingredient. But time will tell how, if at all, this will reduce the risk.
The symptoms of an overdose from edible marijuana are similar to that from inhaled version, but apparently have the potential to be more severe, for some of the reasons mentioned above. Like smoked pot, the symptoms can be both physical and psychological in nature.
Read more: http://www.forbes.com/fdc/welcome_mjx.shtml
Is marijuana less addictive than both alcohol and tobacco?
Category: Culture | Posted on Thu, June, 5th 2014 by THCFinder
Marijuana use, both recreationally and medicinally, is a glowing dot on the nation's political radar screen. Two states, Washington and Colorado, voted to legalize recreational use of the drug last year, and other states are contemplating following.
The same is true in Oregon, where as many as three marijuana-related initiatives may be heading toward the November ballot.
U.S. Rep. Earl Blumenauer, on his official website, makes clear where he stands. The Oregon Democrat supports legislation that would allow states to enact marijuana laws without federal interference, remove the ban on industrial hemp and "allow the marijuana industry to operate in a normal business environment."
Among the claims tucked under the heading "The Facts about Marijuana" is this: "Marijuana is less addictive than both alcohol and tobacco."
Plenty has been written about all three substances, but with Oregon possibly facing one or more pot measures on the ballot this November, we decided to see if Blumenauer is right about marijuana's addictive qualities.
Vermont Voters Leaning Towards Retail Cannabis
Category: Culture | Posted on Tue, June, 3rd 2014 by THCFinder
The east coast is known for being way far behind the west coast in the cannabis industry. For whatever reason, the colder side of the states is just not as 420 friendly as the stoners that live there would like. So when even the smaller states make a move towards cannabis, it's a huge deal for those on the east coast. Recently, the voters in Vermont voiced how they feel about the legal cannabis market in a poll conducted by the state wide Castleton Polling Institute, sponsored by the Marijuana Policy Project.
The voters polled showed that 57% of them supported changing the laws in Vermont to allow, regulate, and tax the sale of recreational marijuana, much like the way that they sell alcohol. Retailers would be allow to sell cannabis to adults that were 21 and over, much like in Colorado and Washington. The poll went on to show that a mere 34% of people polled didn't like the idea of legalization and said that they would oppose it. Support for cannabis like this is extremely important. The voters should be the most important... The polls are the best way to show how they feel on a very public level.
There have been numerous polls confused on this subject in the last few months, in multiple different states. This includes other east coast states such as Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maryland, and New Hampshire, as well as other states like California, Arizona, Hawaii, Georgia, Indiana, Louisiana, Oregon, and Texas. All of the above states showed that the majority of voters approved legalizing and taxing cannabis like alcohol.
More and more information is being released about the benefits of cannabis and even the most blind people are beginning to wake up. It's so important to share the most positive parts about the plant, show statistics, and prove that marijuana isn't a bad thing. It never has been and hopefully, it never will be. The people deserve to be able to use this plant for medicine, recreational reasons, industrial purposes, and whatever else they think it can be used for.
Birds Can Help Protect Your Marijuana Plants
Category: Culture | Posted on Tue, June, 3rd 2014 by THCFinder
The Cannabis Bars
Category: Culture | Posted on Mon, June, 2nd 2014 by THCFinder
Most people that are looking to have fun on a Friday or Saturday night are probably going to end up at a bar. There will probably be really loud music, a lot of drinking, and a lot of people... Which may end up leading to other issues later in the night. Some people can deal with the bars and of course, drink. Stoners, on the other hand, seem to gravitate towards the more calm places. A lot of people who smoke don't actually drink, or drink very little, leaving them to either be stuck as the designated driver when they go out or leading them to not go out at all. The cannabis industry has been taking huge strides this year, leaving many stoners hopeful for a place of their own.
In the legal/medicinal states, there are some places that have been springing up labeled as private clubs. These establishments cater specifically to stoners. Instead of walls lined with bottles, there are walls lined with bongs and rigs, ready to be rented, hit, and enjoyed. The bartender, rather then pouring drinks all night, checks to make sure that the patrons are using the equipment correctly and safely. And while there's music and a fun atmosphere, there's far less of a chance that you'll end up in the middle of an alcohol/testosterone fueled fight. The clubs are bring your own medicine, mostly, but there are some spots in Colorado that are beginning to push the limits.
The law in Colorado states that there can be no public or open consumption of marijuana, while the law in Washington states that marijuana cannot be consumed in view of the public. However, like most private clubs like Elks Lodges and such allow their customers to smoke cigars and cigarettes inside and there are cannabis clubs that are following that model. As long as there's less than three employees and the club is not open to the public, cannabis can be consumed inside of it. In Washington, the loophole would be a place having an enclosed patio or blacked out windows; as long as the public can't see marijuana being consumed.
For the stoners that don't like to drink and party like others, the future of cannabis cafes and bars is bright. There are hundreds of entrepreneurs that are working on getting licenses to run these sorts of businesses. As the business evolves, more shops will spring up, giving the more anti-social of the stoners a chance to get out of the house and be with other, like minded people. They won't be in an environment that makes them uncomfortable, but rather a place where they'll be able to relax and unwind, much like those who enjoy having a beer after work.
There's More To Colorado Than Marijuana
Category: Culture | Posted on Fri, May, 30th 2014 by THCFinder
Colorado has certainly garnered a lot of attention since voters there decided to legalize marijuana in the 2012 election, but when it comes to drug reform, there’s a lot more going on in the Rocky Mountain State than just buds, blunts, and bongs. In the past few years, Colorado has taken significant steps toward more enlightened drug policies, and with the powerful coalitions that have emerged to push the agenda, more is likely to come.
Passed last year while all the attention was on the legislature’s race to get marijuana commerce regulations passed, the single most significant piece of broader drug reform legislation was Senate Bill 250, which aims to rein in and redirect corrections spending by reducing the number of drug offenders in prison.
The bill creates a separate sentencing system for drug offenders and allows people convicted of some felony drug charges to be sentenced to probation and community-based sentencing and see that felony charge changed to a misdemeanor conviction upon completion of probation. It allow provides that savings from the sentencing changes be plowed back into drug treatment.
The bill didn’t come out of nowhere. It was the outgrowth of a 2008 law that created the Colorado Commission on Criminal and Juvenile Justice. That panel brought together in one effort the heads of all the relevant state agencies as they grappled with how to reduce recidivism and put a brake on prison spending. It also provided an opportunity for groups like the Colorado Criminal Justice Reform Coalition (CCJRC) to start confronting the commission with research-based evidence about what does and doesn’t work.
“There is a lot of good evidence-based practice that shows what we did in the past didn’t work, and a lot of it had to do with national attention,” said Pam Clifton, communications coordinator for the CCJRC. “People were asking ‘How come half your people are going back to prison?’ Well, we didn’t have funding for treatment in Colorado. If you didn’t have any money, there wasn’t any place for you to go. Another problem was helping people on the front end. How can we be more proactive with people on probation? The recession gave us a little bit of leverage.”
But to get sentencing and drug reforms passed required not just a commission to come up with best policies and practices, but a political leadership that was willing to act. That came in 2008, when Colorado turned from red to blue, with a new Democratic governor, Bill Ritter, and Democrats in control of the legislature.
“When Bill Owens (R) was governor, he wasn’t going to let anything happen,” said Clifton. “But with the commission, a lot of conversations got started and we were able to educate about why change was needed, so when we had a change in leadership, there was a mandate from the commission to get good legislation passed. A lot of the recommendations the commission made went directly to the legislature, and when a bill showed up from the commission, it had a better opportunity to survive the process.”
Read more: http://www.theweedblog.com
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