Iowa Legislature legalizes medical marijuana oil
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Fri, May, 2nd 2014 by THCFinder
DES MOINES — Lawmakers legalized a limited form of medical marijuana early Thursday morning giving people who suffer from severe epileptic seizures another option for treatment.
The bill allows patients, or their guardians, to possess up to 32 ounces of cannabidiol. Sometimes called CBD, it’s an oil derived from cannabis that has medical applications but doesn’t have a high concentration of THC.
Only people who obtain a neurologist’s prescription would be able to obtain the state-issued card which gives them immunity from prosecution if found in possession of the drug.
They’ll also have to travel out-of-state to get the drug since it’s illegal to produce it here.
“I think it’s important that it’s very narrowly defined,” said Jarad Klein, R-Keota, the House floor manager. The bill passed in the House 77-20.
The Senate took up the bill at 4:28 a.m., about an hour after the House vote and passed the bill 38-8.
The legislation also requires the University of Iowa to gather research each year on cannabidiol for the General Assembly and Iowa Department of Public Health annually.
“What we’re offering today is hope for these families that they can finally get some access to something that can help them,” said Rep. Bob Kressig, D-Cedar Falls.
Legalization advocates pushed all year for a bill to loosen restrictions on cannabis, but it wasn’t until the final few weeks of session that real movement began.
Credit for pushing the issue is split among a group of mothers of epileptic children who individually lobbied lawmakers on the issue and West Des Moines Mayor Steve Gaer and his wife, Sally. The influential Republican couple, whose daughter, 24-year-old Margaret, suffers from seizures, made inroads with House and Senate GOP members.
How To Make Cannabis Glycerin In One Day
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Tue, April, 29th 2014 by THCFinder
When making concentrates like tinctures, most people tend to use alcohol. Unfortunately, that can produce severe burning effects and can cause sickness in those with sensitive stomachs. Thankfully, there's an alternative for alcohol that tastes much better and can be made start to finish in one day. The recipe is incredibly simple and can be made in your kitchen with just a few simple supplies.
What You'll Need;
Large mason jar
16oz of food grade vegetable glycerin
1oz of dried sugar leaf (or 3/4oz dry buds)
1 sheet of cheesecloth
Grind up the weed that you're using, whether it be sugar leaf or buds. For this step, it's a good idea to use a blender, as breaking up the marijuana really allows the glycerine to soak in to it. The cannabis shouldn't be like sand so much, but just very small pieces. Take the ground cannabis and put it in the mason jar. Then, pour in the entire 16oz of glycerin. Close the jar and be sure to seal it tightly before shaking it until it is as well mixed as possible.
The next step is to set up a double boiler, which is where you fill the sauce pan half way with water and set the pot on a burner, set to low. Do not boil the water. It should just be hot enough for the THC and CBD in the cannabis to become active. The key is to simmer, not boil. Let this process go on for about 8 hours so be sure to make this substance on a day where you don't have anything to do. The recommended time is 12 hours but it just has to be at least 8. Every half hour or so, you should take the jar and shake it vigorously. Use oven mitts, please! Once you've allowed at least 8 hours to pass, take the tincture off of the burned and remove the lid. You can set aside the flat part of the lid but hang on to the part that actually screws on top of the jar.
Take the sheet of cheesecloth and fold it two or three times over, then place it on top of the mouth of the jar, screwing the circular part of the lid back on. Flip the jar upside down over a clean bowl and allow it to drain until there is nothing left in the jar. This takes a while so be patient. Be sure to wear gloves when coming in to contact with the substance, as glycerin is a conductor and gets EXTREMELY hot when it's heated up. When the mixture has filtered fully, take the cheesecloth and squeeze it, making sure to get all of the remaining glycerin out of the cloth and remaining plant matter. Store the substance in an airtight, unclear (brown or blue) container and be sure to keep it out of the sunlight. You can add the glycerin to normal soda to make it medicated or put it in to food, candies, or eat it straight! Glycerin can also be rubbed on skin for muscle pain, although it can be really sticky! Enjoy!
Florida Dems Add Medical Marijuana To Ballot To Boost Voter Turnout
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Mon, April, 21st 2014 by THCFinder
Florida Democrats are pushing for a constitutional amendment that would put medical marijuana on the state’s ballot this November. If the initiative passes, Florida would become the first southern state to legalize some form of marijuana usage. Recent Battleground polls have shown widespread support, especially among young voters.
In a previous MPP blog post, we discussed how about 70% of voters (nationwide) would be more likely to vote this fall if marijuana was on the ballot, and how midterm elections traditionally have lower voter turnout, especially with young voters and liberals. In the 2012 elections, Washington and Colorado both saw significant spikes in voter turnout, possibly due to marijuana being on the ballot. If Florida follows suit, it will be a testament to marijuana’s spillover effect.
Florida Democrats are hoping it “could have a marginal impact,” which doesn’t sound like much, but “a marginal impact in Florida could be the difference between winning and losing,” according to Steve Schale, a Democratic consultant who managed Obama’s Florida campaign in 2008.
A recent Republican victory in a special House election last month typified the Democrats’ turnout problem. The St. Petersburg-area district has 2.4 percent more registered Republicans than Democrats, but GOP voters outnumbered Democrats by eight percentage points, according to election results.
23 Health Benefits Of Marijuana
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Mon, April, 21st 2014 by THCFinder
States around the country — more than 20 in total — have been legalizing medical marijuana.
Recently, CNN's chief medical correspondent Sanjay Gupta reversed his opinion on medical marijuana.
While recreational marijuana is controversial, many people agree with Gupta's new stance, and believe that the drug should be legal for medical uses.
While the benefits of smoking pot may be overstated by advocates of marijuana legalization, the new legalization will help researchers study the drugs' medicinal uses, and better understand how it impacts the body.
Currently only 6% of studies on marijuana analyze its medicinal properties.
Keep in mind, though, that there are negative effects of smoking too much pot or using it for non-medicinal purposes. When overused or abused, pot can cause dependency and mess with your memory and emotions.
There are at least two active chemicals in marijuana that researchers think have medicinal application. Those are cannabidiol (CBD) — which seems to impact the brain without a high— and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) — which has pain relieving properties.
Also keep in mind that these same health benefits can be gained by taking THC pills, Dronabinol, which in some ways is more effective than smoked marijuana.
Randy Astaiza contributed to an earlier version of this story.
It can be used to treat Glaucoma.
Marijuana use can be used to treat and prevent the eye disease glaucoma, which increases pressure in the eyeball, damaging the optic nerve and causing loss of vision.
Marijuana decreases the pressure inside the eye, according to the National Eye Institute: "Studies in the early 1970s showed that marijuana, when smoked, lowered intraocular pressure (IOP) in people with normal pressure and those with glaucoma."
These effects of the drug may slow the progression of the disease, preventing blindness.
It may help reverse the carcinogenic effects of tobacco and improve lung health.
According to a study published in Journal of the American Medical Association in January 2012, marijuana does not impair lung function and can even increase lung capacity.
Researchers looking for risk factors of heart disease tested the lung function of 5,115 young adults over the course of 20 years. Tobacco smokers lost lung function over time, but pot users actually showed an increase in lung capacity.
It's possible that the increased lung capacity maybe due to taking a deep breaths while inhaling the drug and not from a therapeutic chemical in the drug.
It can help control epileptic seizures.
Marijuana use can prevent epileptic seizures, a 2003 study showed.
Robert J. DeLorenzo, of Virginia Commonwealth University, gave marijuana extract and synthetic marijuana to epileptic rats. The drugs rid the rats of the seizures for about 10 hours. Cannabinoids like the active ingredients in marijuana, tetrahydrocannabinol (also known as THC), control seizures by binding to the brain cells responsible for controlling excitability and regulating relaxation.
Wisconsin Legalizes Medical Marijuana But Only for the Children!
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Fri, April, 18th 2014 by THCFinder
The discovery that an oil extract from marijuana was successfully treating extremely serious, life-threatening seizures in children with rare disorders has prompted some changes in the way people think about the drug (except, perhaps, for New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie).
Medical marijuana is not legal in Wisconsin, but yesterday Gov. Scott Walker signed a bill making it legal in the state to use cannabidiol, a drug made from cannabis, to treat seizure disorders. This particular, singular type of medical marijuana is approved because there’s no chance anybody would enjoy taking it. From the Journal Times of Racine, Wisconsin:
Gov. Scott Walker signed a bill legalizing cannabidiol, or CBD, which has reportedly been shown to work for children in Colorado. It was illegal in Wisconsin because it contains a small amount of THC, the component present in marijuana, but advocates noted that CBD could never be used as recreational marijuana.
The bill was written narrowly to apply only to CBD, which must be administered by a physician and is not considered by advocates to be "medical marijuana."
Baby steps, anyway. At least there’s another state where parents won’t have to pack up their families and move to Colorado if one of their children turns out to have the disorder. But Wisconsin may not be alone. Several other states that haven’t legalized medical marijuana are nevertheless considering legalizing this one particular marijuana extract for treating this particular rare illness.
What Are The Active Ingredients In Medical Marijuana?
Category: Medical Marijuana | Posted on Wed, April, 16th 2014 by THCFinder
The medicinal and psychoactive effects that we associate with marijuana are caused by unique chemical structures called cannabinoids found in the actual plant. To date, there have been 86 cannabinoids identified in nature and others have been synthesized chemically. The major psychoactive ingredient in marijuana is delta-g-tetrahydrocannabinol, commonly referred to as THC (although other naming systems refer to it confusingly as delta-t-THC). Other cannabinoids, in addition to THC, have medicinal or psychoactive elements.
Cannabidiol (CBD), cannabinol (CBN), cannabavarin (THCV), cannabigerol (CBG), cannabichromene (CBC), delta-8-THC, cannabicyclol (CBL), cannabitriol (CBT), and cannabielsoin are among the many different naturally-occurring cannabinoids. Most are known to have psychoactive and/or pharmacological properties just like many other synthetic cannabinoid analogs.
Because of delta-9-THC’s psychoactive nature in marijuana, it is regularly used to measure the herb’s potency. THC typically occurs in concentrations of less than 0.5% for inactive hemp, 2 to 3% for marijuana leaf, and 4 to 20% for higher-grade marijuana. In seedless buds, known as sinsemilla, you’ll find the highest concentrations of THC in the plant at 10 to 20% or more. Higher concentrations of THC can be found in extracts, tonics, and hashish (concentrated cannabis resin). Download my free marijuana grow bible for more tips about marijuana strains.
Oral doses of THC range from 2.5 to 20 milligrams for therapeutic purposes. A regular joint (1 gram of 2.5% leaf or 0.5 grams of 5% higher-grade leaf) usually has 25 milligrams of THC. Over half of this amount is generally destroyed by combustion or is lost in side-stream smoke. Around 15 to 50% of the THC in a typical marijuana joint actually gets to the bloodstream, making the actual inhaled dose closer to 3 to 12 milligrams.
THC will not naturally occur in its active form in the cannabis plant. Instead, it occurs in an acidic form called tetrahydrocannabinolic acid or THC acid (THCA). When burned in a cigarette or heated in cooking, the THCA is rapidly converted to active THC in a heat-propelled reaction called decarboxylation. Unlike THC, we have very little knowledge of THCA. We do know that it is not psychoactive, but it has been discovered to have immune-modulatory properties akin to other cannabinoids.
Eating marijuana raw will not produce any strong psychoactive effects because the THCA is essentially inactive. As marijuana ages, however, some of the THCA undergoes decarboxylation. The marijuana resin in hashish usually contains very high levels of active THC.
CBD is the next most common cannabinoid and is very prevalent in hemp varieties of cannabis. CBD actually lacks any noticeable psychoactive affects and does not really intereact with the body’s cannabinoid receptors. Despite that, plenty of evidence is starting to show that CBD has valuable medicinal properties. It works in concert with THC, augmenting its medical effects and moderating its psychoactive effects. Some researched think that CBD has anti-psychotic properties which tend to reduce anxiety and panic reactions to THC. It is also considered to improve wakefulness and to supplement THC’s activity against pain and spasticity. Pretreatment with CBD in mice nearly tripled the levels of THC in their brains which is an indication that it can increase the action and effectiveness of other drugs. Cannabinoids definitely work together to provide the desired effect.
If taken by itself, CBD has anti-inflammatory anti-anxiety, anti-epileptic, sedative, and neuro-protective properties. It’s also quite a powerful anti-oxidant and can protect against chemical damage due to oxidation. Lab and animal tests have suggested that CBD could even protect against the incurrence of the following diseases: diabetes; certain types of cancer; rheumatoid arthritis; brain and nerve damage as a result of a stroke; alcoholism; Huntington’s disease; and even prion infections like “Mad Cow.” Other evidence suggests that CBD is biphasic, meaning that its effectiveness diminishes if the does is too high or too low.
CBD is one of the major ingredients in Sativex, the cannabis spray the UK-based GW Pharmaceuticals is developing. The spray contains equal parts CBD and THC and has been approved for the treatment of Multiple Sclerosis in Canada. GW is at the forefront of CBD research and has plans to study its effectiveness in treating arthritis, inflammatory bowel diseases, psychotic disorders, and epilepsy.
CBD and THC acid (THCA) are produced simultaneously. In the marijuana plant, a cannabinoid called cannabigerolic acid is the precursor for both CBD and THCA. Each cannabinoid is produced by a different enzyme that acts on cannabigerolic acid. Seeing as how CBD and THCA come from the same precursor, it’s hard to find plants that have high level of both. Hemp plants tend to lack the enzyme that produces THCA and, so, CBD is often very prevalent. Unfortunately, most marijuana that’s sold to consumers has significantly lower levels of CBD because growers tend to selectively breed out the CBD enzyme to produce more THC. Now that we know so much about the benefits of CBD, you might start seeing plants with higher levels of CBD in the future.
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