Analysis Finds Link Between Marijuana Use, Earlier Onset of Psychosis
The use of marijuana is associated with an earlier onset of psychosis, and that association might be causal, a meta-analysis published Feb. 7 online in Archives of General Psychiatry has shown. "This study lends weight to the view that cannabis use precipitates schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, perhaps by an interaction between genetic and environmental factors ... or by disrupting brain development, especially during the important neurological maturation that takes place during adolescence," said Dr. Matthew Large of Prince of Wales Hospital and the University of New South Wales, Sydney, and his associates. Further, the study findings raise "important questions of whether cannabis ... can trigger psychosis by direct neurotoxic effects, by alterations in dopamine activity, or by other changes in neurotransmission and the extent to which any adverse effects on the brain are reversible." Future research should focus on finding "the mechanisms by which cannabis use triggers or brings forward psychotic illness," the investigators added.
They performed a meta-analysis of 83 studies that reported age at onset of psychotic disorders in cohorts of patients in which the use of psychoactive substances also was recorded. These included 8,167 patients who reported that they used substances and 14,352 who reported that they did not. Overall, the mean age of psychosis onset in patients who used substances was about 2 years younger than the age of psychosis onset in patients who did not.
In a further analysis, study samples of patients who used cannabis in particular showed an onset of psychosis that was nearly 3 years earlier than in study samples of patients who did not use cannabis. Similarly, the onset of psychosis was 2 years earlier in samples of patients who used unspecified psychoactive substances than in samples of those who did not. In contrast, the use of alcohol alone was not significantly associated with a younger age of onset of psychosis.
Four Arrested After Illawarra Drug Raids
Cannabis plants, weapons and stolen goods have been seized by police during raids south of Sydney. Three men and a woman remain in custody after simultaneous raids on six properties in Unanderra and Berkeley, in the Illawarra region, at 8am on Tuesday.
Police allegedly seized three cannabis plants, 2.5kg of cannabis leaf, a quantity of methylamphetamine, a replica firearm, ammunition, a stun gun, cash and a stolen motorcycle.
The men, aged 31, 38 and 41 and the 38-year-old woman are expected to be charged with various drug supply and property offences. Police said the operation was part of a three-month ongoing investigation into the cultivation and supply of cannabis in the area.
Marijuana vs. Religion
This is a strange case; First one of its kind. There shall be a hearing in the court of Canada, to decide whether The "Church of the Universe" would be allowed to grow and distribute Marijuana as a part of its religious proceedings. It is strange case in which there are two Reverends held as accused for the distribution of Marijuana despite the laws of the country.
It depends on Madam Justice Thea Hurman what turn this battle may take in the days to come. "It would effectively legalize marijuana because every pot smoker would find a new religion," argued Nick Devlin and Donna Polgar, of the Public Prosecution Service of Canada, who are in opposition of the case.
They were of the view that just because Marijuana is something that makes people go on a trip and enjoy, it does not mean that it should be made constitutionally right as well. The laws of the nation are for the protection of the citizens and this shall hamper it in all possible ways. Making Marijuana legal to be marketed could be a step too large towards the end of days. The seriousness of the issue is realized by a few and they have to stand up for the betterment of the country, of the world All eyes await the decision that could change a lot for the entire human race.
Cannabis Worth 110,000 Seized
Cannabis resin with an estimated street value of £110,000 has been seized by police. Officers stopped a car in Incle Street, Paisley, on Saturday night and found around 100kg of the drug in the vehicle. Strathclyde Police said a 27-year-old man was arrested in connection with the discovery and is currently being held in police custody. He is expected to appear at Paisley Sheriff Court on Monday. A report will be sent to the procurator fiscal.
Cannabis Addict Is Told By Court Have A Leaflet
A DRUG user has been told there is nothing the authorities can do for him after Government funding was cut for anti-cannabis programmes. The revelation came in the same week that Hastings Police swooped on three separate cannabis stashes in town, and Government figures showed that more people were admitted to hospital after using cannabis than cocaine. Bradley Bailey, 22, of Stockleigh Road, St Leonards, appeared at Hastings Magistrates Court on Tuesday where he admitted possessing about three grammes of the Class B drug.
Mark Kateley, prosecuting, said that Bailey was searched after police officers pulled over a Peugeot in South Terrace on January 21 and could smell cannabis in the vehicle. Bailey has two previous convictions for possessing cannabis and one for possessing ecstasy, the court heard. But Samantha Wingfield, defending, said: “He has been open and frank that he does have a drug problem in regard to cannabis and does need some help but it is whether he can get that help. “The probation team tell me that unfortunately the Government has removed all funding to treat people with cannabis problems which I think is rather bizarre.”
And Dean Jinks of the probation service confirmed this was true. He told the magistrates: “In terms of addressing his cannabis use there is nothing we can do. The agencies dealing with cannabis abuse have stopped - CRI used to run a weekly cannabis clinic but that has gone. There is absolutely nothing available. “All we can offer him is a leaflet and advise him to speak to his GP.” Bailey was given a two year conditional discharge but this week police announced a successful triple strike against cannabis production and dealing in Hastings.
$4.6m Of Cannabis Seized By NSW Police
POLICE have seized $4.6 million worth of cannabis during a week-long operation on the NSW mid north coast. More than 2300 cannabis plants, up to three metres high, were seized during the raids, which took place between Monday and Saturday. It was the third operation by the police cannabis eradication program and it targeted areas including Cooperabung National Park and state forests in the Taylors Arm and Bowraville areas. So far this year, police have seized plants with a total estimated potential street value of $17.6 million.
"Our aim is to detect and destroy cannabis crops across the state," Detective Superintendent Nick Bingham said in a statement. "Whether it’s a semi-rural crop or on a steep mountainside in a remote part of the state, there's a very high chance police will find it."
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