Higher Potency Marijuana Doesn't Predict Dependence
Category: News | Posted on Wed, April, 2nd 2014 by THCFinder
Researchers in the Netherlands have concluded that the THC potency of marijuana used by consumers does not reliably predict their risk for marijuana dependence. The amount of THC consumed, whether from low-potency or high-potency sources, also did not tend to indicate a person’s chance of marijuana dependence.
Peggy van der Pol, a doctoral candidate at the Trimbos Institute of the Netherlands Institute of Mental Health and Addiction and her team decided to investigate the commonly held belief that marijuana smokers who use higher potency varieties will adjust their smoking pattern to use less marijuana.
The researchers looked at 98 young adults referred from coffee houses who all smoked marijuana at least three times per week. They were interviewed eighteen months later, and again in another eighteen months, as the participants were asked to smoke a joint. The team documented the time and length of their smoking behaviors and analyzed the potency and amount of marijuana smoked
While they did find that the tokers using stronger varieties did inhale less smoke and smoke slower than the tokers using weaker varieties, that did not fully moderate for the increased THC potency. “So users of more potent cannabis,” van der Pol explained, “are generally exposed to more THC.”
But, surprisingly, the team found that exposure to more THC by itself didn’t reliably predict people’s dependence on marijuana. It was more the way the consumers toked that determined who would match dependence criteria. Those who smoked more of the joint and smoked it faster, regardless of potency, were more likely to exhibit signs of dependence.
There is still much research to be done. This study covered mostly young males and the joints they were using, as the Europeans do, contained tobacco as well. Much of the participants’ marijuana use was self-reported with no way to verify it over the three-year follow-up. There was no way to measure the effect of sharing joints with others affects the participants’ rolling of a “typical” joint.
Arizona Supreme Court: Police Must Return Marijuana To California Patient
Category: News | Posted on Tue, April, 1st 2014 by THCFinder
In a ruling handed down without comment, Arizona’s Supreme Court has refused to overturn prior court rulings stating that the Yuma County Sheriff must return cannabis that was seized from a California patient. Arizona’s medical cannabis law is one of the only in the country that legally recognizes patients from other states.
The ruling came as a response to a case where Valerie Okun, a qualified medical cannabis patient in California, had cannabis seized by a border patrol agent in Yuma County, in 2011. She was charged with cannabis possession, with the charges eventually being dropped when she provided proof of being a medical cannabis patient. However, police refused to return the seized cannabis, even after a court ruling ordered them to do so.
Now police will be forced to return the lady’s medicine, as the highest court in the state has made their ruling clear (it was Yuma County police that brought the issue to them on appeal).
This ruling will set immediate precedent throughout the state.
Students arrested in marijuana brownies charge
Category: News | Posted on Fri, March, 28th 2014 by THCFinder
Three students from New Milford High School have been arrested on drug charges and accused of selling marijuana laced brownies at the school of brownies with marijuana baked into them, police said.
Superintendent of Schools JeanAnn Paddyfote said three New Milford High School underclassmen were facing expulsion for violating the school's drug and alcohol policy.
The school's resource officer conducted an investigation March 18 at the high school because school authorities had learned a student was in possession of marijuana brownies and was trying to sell them to other students, according to police.
One youth had originally sold the brownies to a second youth, who brought the brownies into the school and sold them to a third youth, who in turn planned to sell them, police said.
When the third youth was confronted by school authorities, prescription drugs were found in his locker, which the youth said he also had planned to try to sell to fellow students, police said.
The three male students -- aged 14, 15 and 16 -- are facing criminal charges including illegal possession of a controlled substance, illegal sale of a controlled substance, dispensing a narcotic and conspiracy to commit sale of narcotics.
All three were released into their parents' custody on written promise to appear Tuesday, March 31 in Danbury Juvenile Court.
Hawaii Lawmakers Give Unanimous Approval To Studying Hemp
Category: News | Posted on Wed, March, 26th 2014 by THCFinder
Hawaii’s House Committee on Agriculture, and the state’s House Judiciary Committee, have both voted unanimously in favor of Senate Bill 2175, a proposal to establish a two-year research program to study the effectiveness of using hemp for remediation and biofuel. The measure has already passed the Senate unanimously.
If approved into law, Senate Bill 2175 would “authorize the dean of the college of tropical agriculture and human resources at the University of Hawaii to establish a two-year industrial hemp remediation and biofuel research program.” The dean would be permitted to “submit a final report to the legislature prior to the convening of the regular session of 2016.”
Remediation (also referred to as phytoremediation) is the environmentally-friendly science of using plants to remove toxins (such as metals, pesticides and crude oils) from the soil.
The proposal now heads to the full House, which is expected to give it approval soon. It will then go to the governor.
6 face charges following medical marijuana raids
Category: News | Posted on Wed, March, 19th 2014 by THCFinder
Six people have been charged following raids last June on three medical marijuana dispensaries in southern Michigan that authorities said were operating illegally.
The Calhoun County prosecutor issued warrants Friday in the Springfield raids and Michigan State Police have begun to make arrests.
Chief Assistant Prosecutor Matt Smith told the Battle Creek Enquirer that the warrants were issued for employees and owners of The Karmacy and two other dispensaries. Charges include delivery of marijuana and possession with intent to deliver.
Bruce Leach, a lawyer representing Karmacy owner Kiel Howland, said his client surrendered on Monday and he’s confident that Howland will be exonerated. All three dispensaries were licensed by the city of Springfield and Leach said Karmacy earlier was inspected by law enforcement.
“Everything was completely legal,” Leach said. “This is a little ridiculous. They are not criminals but they are being turned into criminals.”
Michigan voters approved marijuana use for some chronic medical conditions in 2008, but the legality of dispensaries has been thrown into doubt by court rulings.
The charges follow the raids by the state police and the Southwest Enforcement Team on June 26 at the three dispensaries and homes of owners in Kalamazoo and Barry counties. If convicted, possible penalties range from maximums of four years to seven years behind bars.
Read more: http://www.freep.com/
Marijuana Use Rises While Consumption Of Cocaine, Methamphetamine Falls
Category: News | Posted on Wed, March, 19th 2014 by THCFinder
A rise in the self-reported consumption of cannabis during the years 2006 to 2010 corresponds with a significant decline in Americans’ use of cocaine and methamphetamine during this same time period, according to a new RAND study commissioned by the White House Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP).
Researchers estimate that Americans increased their consumption of cannabis by approximately 30 percent during the years 2006 to 2010. During this same time, authors estimated that the public’s use of cocaine and methamphetamine declined, with Americans’ use of cocaine falling by half.
Americans’ consumption of heroin remained largely stable throughout the decade, the study reported. According to statistics compiled by the US Substance Abuse And Mental Health Services Administration, an estimated 4.5 million Americans have tried heroin in their lifetimes. By comparison, an estimated 12 million Americans have tried methamphetamine, 37.5 million have tried cocaine, and 111 million have consumed cannabis.
Authors estimated that Americans spent approximately one trillion dollars on the purchase of cocaine, heroin, marijuana and methamphetamine between 2000 and 2010.
Commenting on the report, NORML Deputy Director Paul Armentano said, “These figures belie that notion that marijuana exposure is an alleged ‘gateway’ to the use of other illicit substances and instead suggest that for some people, cannabis may be a substitute for other so-called ‘hard drugs’ or even an exit drug.”
Survey data published in 2013 in the journal Addiction Research & Theory reported that among a cohort of medical marijuana consumers, 75 percent of subjects acknowledged that they used cannabis it as a substitute for prescription drugs, alcohol, or some other illicit substance.
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